Subspecialty training programs

RANZCOG offers subspecialty training programs in five highly specialised areas of obstetrics and gynaecology.

Not a prospective trainee?

If you’ve already commenced CGO, CMFM, COGU, CREI or CU subspecialty training, please visit our Current Trainees page.

Introduction

Our five subspecialty training programs aim to:

improve knowledge, practice, teaching and research

promote concentration of specialised expertise, special facilities and clinical material, to the considerable benefit of some patients

improve recruitment of talented graduates into areas of recognised subspecialisation

establish a close understanding and working relationship with other disciplines

encourage coordinated management of relevant clinical services throughout a region

accept a major regional responsibility for higher training, research and audit in areas of recognised subspecialisation

establish, as far as possible, consistency in recruitment, training and assessment across areas of recognised subspecialisation

Training overview

To achieve certification as a subspecialist, you must complete a subspecialty training program that includes:

three years of full-time training in a prospectively approved subspecialty training position

formative and summative assessments, examinations and specific assessment requirements outlined in the relevant subspecialty curriculum

a prospectively approved scholarly elective pertaining to the relevant subspecialty (unless otherwise exempt)

Training units

For more information on subspecialty accredited training units, including a full list of accredited units in each state, please follow the link below to our Training Sites and Units page.

If you’re an international doctor or specialist looking to explore our subspecialty training programs, please visit our Recognition of International Training page.


Gynaecological Oncology (CGO)

The Certification in Gynaecological Oncology (CGO) is intended for specialists who are already competent in the comprehensive management of gynaecological cancers.

Following successful completion of subspecialty training, you will be qualified to practice as a consultant, delivering the highest standards of care in all areas of gynaecological oncology, including surgery, radiotherapy and pathology.

Key information

Application dates

Open: 15th January each year

Close: 15th February each year

Selection interviews

Applications to commence CGO subspecialty training in 2023 have closed.

Please contact CGO Training Program Coordinator for more information on the 2024 training program intake.

Interview date: TBC (for 2024 entry)

Committee Chair: Dr Archana Rao

CGO subspecialty selection applicants shortlisted for interview will be notified via email by the CGO Coordinator.

Shortlisted applicants are required to attend an interview online via video conferencing technology.

Application and selection enquiries

For further information about CGO subspecialty applications and selection, please contact the CGO Training Program Coordinator.

Phone: +61 3 9412 2924

Resources

Please follow the links below for more information:

Applications

Applying to enter subspecialty training

Subspecialty selection is a competitive process that determines eligibility to commence subspecialty training. It does not guarantee a training position.

Regulations pertaining to eligibility to apply for and eligibility to commence subspecialty training are outlined in the RANZCOG Regulations Section D: Subspecialty Training.

It is expected that applicants will ensure they meet eligibility criteria before applying.

All applicants are notified in writing as to the outcome of their application

Late and incomplete application submissions will NOT be accepted.

Points to consider prior to applying

Most successful applicants are trainees in Year 5 or above.

It is suggested that applicants should:

find a CGO mentor, and

work in an unaccredited CGO position prior to applying, and

complete the Advanced Training Module (ATM) requirement prior to commencement.

Selection application form and documentation

The CGO Subspecialty Selection Application Form must be completed in English and submitted online.

The online application form will be accessible from 15 January each year, via the following link:

The following must be submitted at the time of application:

A covering letter addressed to the Chair, CGO Subspecialty Committee

A current curriculum vitae (CV)

Additional material supporting the application and demonstrating the applicant’s interest in the CGO subspecialty may be submitted as an appendix to the application.

Applicants will receive a confirmation email once the application has been received by the College. Should a confirmation email not be received, please contact the College.

Declaration of Authenticity is acknowledged upon submission of the application form and associated documents.

Selection criteria and descriptors

Applicants must address the selection criteria in their written application.

1

Employment history

Candidate has achieved satisfactory assessments during basic/advanced training.

2

Professional development and commitment to the CGO subspecialty (within the last 2 years)

Candidate has proactively pursued professional development opportunities to develop their skills, experience and knowledge in the subspecialty.

Candidate has attended professional development in the subspecialty.

3

Teaching and leadership experience (within the last 2 years)

Candidate demonstrates experience of teaching junior medical, nursing or allied health staff.

Candidate demonstrates a leadership role in developing teaching or learning programs, showing sustained commitment to the area.

4

Research, publications and presentations (within the last 2 years)

Candidate has been actively involved in research, translating into improved clinical care or improving their abilities as a researcher/clinician.

Candidate has some ideas around the topic/area of research they wish to pursue in the subspecialty.

Candidate has undertaken research leading to publications in peer-reviewed journals or research leading to higher degree (e.g. PhD, MD, MS).

Candidate has presented own research at a national or international meeting.

5

Referees

Confidential referee reports are overall positive/satisfactory.

6

CGO subspecialty–specific elements (assessed at interview)

Surgical skills

Drive and initiative

Ability to manage conflict/difficult situations

Patient management

Teamwork/working in a multidisciplinary team

Grief and counselling

Self-awareness

Dealing with appraisal

Academic performance/aptitude to training

Current issues/challenges facing the CGO subspecialty

Shortlisting and interviews

Shortlisting and interviews for Subspecialty Selection are conducted by the CGO Subspecialty Selection panel comprising the Chair, CGO Subspecialty Committee and two CGO Subspecialists.

A scoring system between 0 (criteria not met) to 3 (exceeds criteria) is used by the CGO Subspecialty Selection panel for shortlisting applicants for interview.

Applicants are expected to achieve a score of 2 or more in each written application selection criteria to be deemed eligible for interview.

At interview, applicants will be assessed and scored on their answers pertaining to all Selection Criteria including the CGO Subspecialty‐Specific Elements (see Selection Criteria and Descriptors section above).

Referees

The applicant must provide details of four referees:

A senior colleague (FRANZCOG) with whom you have worked with in the last two years.

  • Applicants who are currently in the FRANZCOG training program must nominate their current training supervisor as the senior colleague.
  • If a trainee has recently moved training sites and has been with their current supervisor for less than three months, the College may require a reference from their previous training supervisor.

Two colleagues with whom the applicant has worked with in the last two years.

A Colleague who you will be working with at the time of interview. This referee will only be contacted if you are selected for interview.

If an applicant cannot submit a referee as per above criteria the subspecialty Chair will assess the suitability of referees on a case‐by‐case basis.

Name and contact details, including email addresses and phone numbers of the referees must be provided on the online application form.

The College will contact the referees directly to request completion of a confidential referee report. Applicants must not contact their referees regarding any aspect of their reference.

Applicants should only contact their referees prior to applying to subspecialty selection to advise they will be nominated to provide a confidential referee report.

Should the College not be able to contact the referee or not receive the confidential referee report, applicants will be advised by the College and additional referee details requested.


Maternal Fetal Medicine (CMFM)

The Certification in Maternal Fetal Medicine (CMFM) is intended for specialists who are already competent in obstetrical, medical and surgical complications of pregnancy, and the effects of these complications on the mother and fetus.

Following successful completion of subspecialty training, you will be qualified to practice as a consultant, ensuring a continuum of excellence in care from the fetal to newborn stages.

Key information

Application dates

Open: 15th January each year

Close: 15th February each year

Selection interviews

Applications to commence CMFM subspecialty training in 2023 have closed.

Please contact CMFM Training Program Coordinator for more information on the 2024 training program intake.

Interview date: TBC (for 2024 entry)

Committee Chair: Dr Alison Fung

CMFM subspecialty selection applicants shortlisted for interview will be notified via email by the CMFM Coordinator.

Shortlisted applicants are required to attend an interview online via video conferencing technology.

Application and selection enquiries

For further information about CMFM subspecialty applications and selection, please contact the CMFM Training Program Coordinator.

Phone: +61 3 9412 2990

Resources

Please follow the links below for more information:

Applications

Subspecialty selection is a competitive process that determines eligibility to commence subspecialty training. It does not guarantee a training position.

Regulations pertaining to eligibility to apply for and eligibility to commence subspecialty training are outlined in the RANZCOG Regulations Section D: Subspecialty Training.

It is expected that applicants will ensure they meet eligibility criteria before applying.

All applicants are notified in writing as to the outcome of their application

Late and incomplete application submissions will NOT be accepted.

Selection application form and documentation

The CMFM Subspecialty Selection Application Form must be completed in English and submitted online.

The online application form will be accessible from 15 January each year, via the following link:

The following must be submitted at the time of application:

A covering letter addressed to the Chair, CMFM Subspecialty Committee

A current curriculum vitae (CV)

Additional material supporting the application and demonstrating the applicant’s interest in the CMFM subspecialty may be submitted as an appendix to the application.

Applicants will receive a confirmation email once the application has been received by the College. Should a confirmation email not be received, please contact the College.

Declaration of Authenticity is acknowledged upon submission of the application form and associated documents.

Selection criteria and descriptors

Applicants must address the selection criteria in their written application.

1

Educational history

Candidate has completed or is on track (plan in place) to complete basic/advanced training requirements.

2

Employment history

Candidate has achieved satisfactory assessments during basic/advanced training.

3

Professional development and commitment to the CMFM subspecialty

Candidate has proactively pursued professional development opportunities to develop their skills, experience and knowledge in the subspecialty.

Candidate has attended professional development in the subspecialty.

4

Teaching and leadership experience

Candidate demonstrates experience of teaching junior medical, nursing or allied health staff.

Candidate demonstrates a leadership role in developing teaching or learning programs, showing sustained commitment to the area.

5

Research, publications and presentations

Candidate has been actively involved in research within the last two years, translating into improved clinical care or improving their abilities as a researcher/clinician.

Candidate has some ideas around the topic/area of research they wish to pursue in the subspecialty.

Candidate has undertaken research leading to publications in peer-reviewed journals or research leading to higher degree (e.g. PhD, MD, MS).

Candidate has presented own research at a national or international meeting.

6

Referees

Confidential referee reports are overall positive/satisfactory.

7

Subspecialty-specific elements

Ability to manage conflict/difficult situations

Patient management

Teamwork/working in a multi-disciplinary team

Grief and counselling

Self-awareness

Dealing with appraisal

Psychosocial medical experience

Academic performance/aptitude to training

Current issues/challenges facing the CMFM subspecialty

Shortlisting and interviews

Shortlisting and interviews for Subspecialty Selection are conducted by the CMFM Subspecialty Selection panel comprising the Chair, CMFM Subspecialty Committee and two CMFM Subspecialists.

A scoring system between 0 (criteria not met) to 3 (exceeds criteria) is used by the CMFM Subspecialty Selection panel for shortlisting applicants for interview.

Applicants are expected to achieve a score of 2 or more in each written application selection criteria to be deemed eligible for interview.

At interview, applicants will be assessed and scored on their answers pertaining to all Selection Criteria including the CMFM Subspecialty‐Specific Elements (see Selection Criteria and Descriptors section above).

Referees

The applicant must provide details of three referees:

A senior colleague (FRANZCOG) with whom you have worked with in the last two years.

  • Applicants who are currently in the FRANZCOG training program must nominate their current training supervisor as the senior colleague.
  • If a trainee has recently moved training sites and has been with their current supervisor for less than three months, the College may require a reference from their previous training supervisor.

Two colleagues with whom the applicant has worked with in the last two years.

If an applicant cannot submit a referee as per above criteria the subspecialty Chair will assess the suitability of referees on a case‐by‐case basis.

Name and contact details, including email addresses and phone numbers of the referees must be provided on the online application form.

The College will contact the referees directly to request completion of a confidential referee report. Applicants must not contact their referees regarding any aspect of their reference.

Applicants should only contact their referees prior to applying to subspecialty selection to advise they will be nominated to provide a confidential referee report.

Should the College not be able to contact the referee or not receive the confidential referee report, applicants will be advised by the College and additional referee details requested.


Obstetrical and Gynaecological Ultrasound (COGU)

The Certification Obstetrical and Gynaecological Ultrasound (COGU) is intended for specialists who are already competent in ultrasound diagnosis, including ultrasound-guided interventional diagnostic and therapeutic techniques.

Following successful completion of subspecialty training, you will be qualified to practice as a consultant, providing comprehensive diagnostic service to general and subspecialist obstetrics and gynaecology.

Key information

Application dates

Open: 15th January each year

Close: 15th February each year

Selection interviews

Applications to commence COGU subspecialty training in 2023 have closed.

Please contact COGU Training Program Coordinator for more information on the 2024 training program intake.

Interview date: TBC (for 2024 entry)

Committee Chair: Dr Nicole Woodrow

COGU subspecialty selection applicants shortlisted for interview will be notified via email by the Subspecialty Selection Coordinator.

Shortlisted applicants are required to attend an interview online via video conferencing technology.

Application and selection enquiries

For further information about COGU subspecialty applications and selection, please contact the COGU Training Program Coordinator.

Phone: +61 3 9412 2990

Resources

Please follow the links below for more information:

Applications

Subspecialty selection is a competitive process that determines eligibility to commence subspecialty training. It does not guarantee a training position.

Regulations pertaining to eligibility to apply for and eligibility to commence subspecialty training are outlined in the RANZCOG Regulations Section D: Subspecialty Training.

It is expected that applicants will ensure they meet eligibility criteria before applying.

All applicants are notified in writing as to the outcome of their application.

Late and incomplete application submissions will NOT be accepted.

Selection application form and documentation

The COGU Subspecialty Selection Application Form must be completed in English and submitted online.

The online application form will be accessible from 15 January each year, via the following link:

The following must be submitted at the time of application:

A covering letter addressed to the Chair, COGU Subspecialty Committee

A current curriculum vitae (CV)

Additional material supporting the application and demonstrating the applicant’s interest in the COGU subspecialty may be submitted as an appendix to the application.

Applicants will receive a confirmation email once the application has been received by the College. Should a confirmation email not be received, please contact the College.

Declaration of Authenticity is acknowledged upon submission of the application form and associated documents.

Selection criteria and descriptors

Applicants must address the selection criteria in their written application.

1

Educational history

Candidate has completed or is on track (plan in place) to complete basic/advanced training requirements this year including exams, procedural and surgical assessments, and research.

2

Employment history

Candidate has achieved satisfactory assessments during basic/advanced training.

3

Professional development and commitment to the COGU subspecialty

Candidate has proactively pursued professional development opportunities to develop their skills, experience and knowledge in the subspecialty.

Candidate has attended professional development in the subspecialty.

4

Teaching and leadership experience

Candidate demonstrates experience of teaching junior medical, nursing or allied health staff.

Candidate demonstrates a leadership role in developing teaching or learning programs, showing sustained commitment to the area.

5

Research, publications and presentations

Candidate has been actively involved in research within the last two years, translating into improved clinical care or improving their abilities as a researcher/clinician.

Candidate has some ideas around the topic/area of research they wish to pursue in the subspecialty.

Candidate has undertaken research leading to publications in peer-reviewed journals or research leading to higher degree (e.g. PhD, MD, MS).

Candidate has presented own research at a national or international meeting.

6

Referees

Confidential referee reports are overall positive/satisfactory.

7

Subspecialty-specific elements

Drive and initiative

Resilience

Ethics

Ability to manage conflict/difficult situations

Patient management

Teamwork/working in a multi-disciplinary team

Grief and counselling

Self-awareness

Dealing with appraisal

Academic performance/aptitude to training

Current issues/challenges facing the COGU subspecialty

Shortlisting and interviews

Shortlisting and interviews for Subspecialty Selection are conducted by the COGU Subspecialty Selection panel comprising the Chair, COGU Subspecialty Committee and two CGO Subspecialists.

A scoring system between 0 (criteria not met) to 3 (exceeds criteria) is used by the COGU Subspecialty Selection panel for shortlisting applicants for interview.

Applicants are expected to achieve a score of 2 or more in each written application selection criteria to be deemed eligible for interview.

At interview, applicants will be assessed and scored on their answers pertaining to all Selection Criteria including the COGU Subspecialty‐Specific Elements (see Selection Criteria and Descriptors section above).

Referees

The applicant must provide details of three referees:

A senior colleague (FRANZCOG) with whom you have worked with in the last two years.

  • Applicants who are currently in the FRANZCOG training program must nominate their current training supervisor as the senior colleague.
  • If a trainee has recently moved training sites and has been with their current supervisor for less than three months the College may require a reference from their previous training supervisor.

Two colleagues with whom the applicant has worked with in the last two years.

A Colleague who you will be working with at the time of interview. This referee will only be contacted if you are selected for interview.

If an applicant cannot submit a referee as per above criteria the subspecialty Chair will assess the suitability of referees on a case‐by‐case basis.

Name and contact details, including email addresses and phone numbers of the referees must be provided on the online application form.

The College will contact the referees directly to request completion of a confidential referee report. Applicants must not contact their referees regarding any aspect of their reference.

Applicants should only contact their referees prior to applying to subspecialty selection to advise they will be nominated to provide a confidential referee report.

Should the College not be able to contact the referee or not receive the confidential referee report, applicants will be advised by the College and additional referee details requested.


Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility (CREI)

The Certification in Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility (CREI) is intended for specialists who are already competent in the comprehensive management of patients with reproductive endocrine disorders and infertility.

Following successful completion of subspecialty training, you will be qualified to treat infertile couples, and also to practice as a director of an assisted conception unit.

Key information

Application dates

Open: 15th January each year

Close: 15th February each year

Selection interviews

Applications to commence CREI subspecialty training in 2023 have closed.

Please contact CREI Training Program Coordinator for more information on the 2024 training program intake.

Interview date: TBC (for 2024 entry)

Committee Chair: Professor Roger Hart

CREI subspecialty selection applicants shortlisted for interview will be notified via email by the CREI Coordinator.

Shortlisted applicants are required to attend an interview online via video conferencing technology.

Application and selection enquiries

For further information about CREI subspecialty applications and selection, please contact the CREI Training Program Coordinator.

Phone: +61 3 9114 3926

Resources

Please follow the links below for more information:

Applications

Subspecialty selection is a competitive process that determines eligibility to commence subspecialty training. It does not guarantee a training position.

Regulations pertaining to eligibility to apply for and eligibility to commence subspecialty training are outlined in the RANZCOG Regulations Section D: Subspecialty Training.

It is expected that applicants will ensure they meet eligibility criteria before applying.

All applicants are notified in writing as to the outcome of their application

Late and incomplete application submissions will NOT be accepted.

Selection application form and documentation

The CREI Subspecialty Selection Application Form must be completed in English and submitted online.

The online application form will be accessible from 15 January each year, via the following link:

The following must be submitted at the time of application:

A covering letter addressed to the Chair, CREI Subspecialty Committee

A current curriculum vitae (CV)

Additional material supporting the application and demonstrating the applicant’s interest in the CREI subspecialty may be submitted as an appendix to the application.

Applicants will receive a confirmation email once the application has been received by the College. Should a confirmation email not be received, please contact the College.

Declaration of Authenticity is acknowledged upon submission of the application form and associated documents.

Selection criteria and descriptors

Applicants must address the selection criteria in their written application.

1

Educational history

Candidate has completed or is on track (plan in place) to complete basic/advanced training requirements this year including exams, procedural and surgical assessments, and research.

2

Employment history

Candidate has achieved satisfactory assessments during basic/advanced training.

3

Professional development and commitment to the CREI subspecialty (within the last two years)

Candidate has proactively pursued professional development opportunities to develop their skills, experience and knowledge in the subspecialty.

Candidate has attended professional development in the subspecialty.

4

Teaching and leadership experience (within the last two years)

Candidate demonstrates experience of teaching junior medical, nursing or allied health staff.

Candidate demonstrates a leadership role in developing teaching or learning programs, showing sustained commitment to the area.

5

Research, publications and presentations (within the last two years)

Candidate has been actively involved in research within the last two years, translating into improved clinical care or improving their abilities as a researcher/clinician.

Candidate has some ideas around the topic/area of research they wish to pursue in the subspecialty.

Candidate has undertaken research leading to publications in peer-reviewed journals or research leading to higher degree (e.g. PhD, MD, MS).

Candidate has presented own research at a national or international meeting.

6

Referees

Confidential referee reports are overall positive/satisfactory.

7

Subspecialty-specific elements

Drive and initiative

Resilience

Ethics

Teamwork/working in a multi-disciplinary team

Academic performance/aptitude to training

Personal insight and understanding into the issues involved in current practice

Current issues/challenges facing the CREI subspecialty

Shortlisting and interviews

Shortlisting and interviews for Subspecialty Selection are conducted by the CREI Subspecialty Selection panel comprising the Chair, CREI Subspecialty Committee and two CREI Subspecialists.

A scoring system between 0 (criteria not met) to 3 (exceeds criteria) is used by the CREI Subspecialty Selection panel for shortlisting applicants for interview.

Applicants are expected to achieve a score of 2 or more in each written application selection criteria to be deemed eligible for interview.

At interview, applicants will be assessed and scored on their answers pertaining to all Selection Criteria including the CREI Subspecialty‐Specific Elements (see Selection Criteria and Descriptors section above).

Referees

The applicant must provide details of three referees:

A senior colleague (FRANZCOG) with whom you have worked with in the last two years.

  • Applicants who are currently in the FRANZCOG training program must nominate their current training supervisor as the senior colleague.
  • If a trainee has recently moved training sites and has been with their current supervisor for less than three months, the College may require a reference from their previous training supervisor.

Two colleagues with whom the applicant has worked with in the last two years.

If an applicant cannot submit a referee as per above criteria the subspecialty Chair will assess the suitability of referees on a case‐by‐case basis.

Name and contact details, including email addresses and phone numbers of the referees must be provided on the online application form.

The College will contact the referees directly to request completion of a confidential referee report. Applicants must not contact their referees regarding any aspect of their reference.

Applicants should only contact their referees prior to applying to subspecialty selection to advise they will be nominated to provide a confidential referee report.

Should the College not be able to contact the referee or not receive the confidential referee report, applicants will be advised by the College and additional referee details requested.


Urogynaecology (CU)

The Certification in Urogynaecology (CU) is intended for specialists who are already competent in the comprehensive management of patients with urogynaecological disorders.

Following successful completion of subspecialty training, you will be qualified to practice as a consultant, providing assessment and clinical management of lower urinary tract disorders, including pelvic floor dysfunction, genital tract prolapse and intractable incontinence.

Key information

Application dates

Open: 15th January each year

Close: 15th February each year

Selection interviews

Applications to commence CU subspecialty training in 2023 have closed.

Please contact CU Training Program Coordinator for more information on the 2024 training program intake.

Interview date: TBC (for 2024 entry)

Committee Chair: A/Professor Emmanuel Karantanis

CU subspecialty selection applicants shortlisted for interview will be notified via email by the Subspecialty Selection Coordinator.

Shortlisted applicants are required to attend an interview online via video conferencing technology.

Application and selection enquiries

For further information about CU subspecialty applications and selection, please contact the CU Training Program Coordinator.

Phone: +61 3 9412 2997

Resources

Please follow the links below for more information:

Applications

Subspecialty selection is a competitive process that determines eligibility to commence subspecialty training. It does not guarantee a training position.

Regulations pertaining to eligibility to apply for and eligibility to commence subspecialty training are outlined in the RANZCOG Regulations Section D: Subspecialty Training.

It is expected that applicants will ensure they meet eligibility criteria before applying.

FRANZCOG trainees applying for CU, must have completed Basic Training including credit for at least 138 weeks (FTE) of satisfactory Basic Training, and be eligible to commence Advanced Training.

All applicants are notified in writing as to the outcome of their application.

Late and incomplete application submissions will NOT be accepted.

Selection application form and documentation

The CU Subspecialty Selection Application Form must be completed in English and submitted online.

The online application form will be accessible from 15 January each year, via the following link:

The following must be submitted at the time of application:

A covering letter addressed to the Chair, CU Subspecialty Committee

A current curriculum vitae (CV)

Additional material supporting the application and demonstrating the applicant’s interest in the CU subspecialty may be submitted as an appendix to the application.

Applicants will receive a confirmation email once the application has been received by the College. Should a confirmation email not be received, please contact the College.

Declaration of Authenticity is acknowledged upon submission of the application form and associated documents.

Selection criteria and descriptors

Applicants must address the selection criteria in their written application.

1

Educational history

Candidate has completed or is on track (plan in place) to complete basic/advanced training requirements this year including exams, procedural and surgical assessments, and research.

2

Employment history

Candidate has achieved satisfactory assessments during basic/advanced training.

3

Professional development and commitment to the CU subspecialty (within the last two years)

Candidate has proactively pursued professional development opportunities to develop their skills, experience and knowledge in the subspecialty.

Candidate has attended professional development in the subspecialty.

4

Teaching and leadership experience (within the last two years)

Candidate demonstrates experience of teaching junior medical, nursing or allied health staff.

Candidate demonstrates a leadership role in developing teaching or learning programs, showing sustained commitment to the area.

5

Research, publications and presentations (within the last two years)

Candidate has been actively involved in research within the last two years, translating into improved clinical care or improving their abilities as a researcher/clinician.

Candidate has some ideas around the topic/area of research they wish to pursue in the subspecialty.

Candidate has undertaken research leading to publications in peer-reviewed journals or research leading to higher degree (e.g. PhD, MD, MS).

Candidate has presented own research at a national or international meeting.

6

Referees

Confidential referee reports are overall positive/satisfactory.

7

Subspecialty-specific elements

Surgical skills

Drive and initiative

Resilience

Ethics

Ability to manage conflict/difficult situations