Serum concentrations of vitamin D were measured in pregnant women booking for antenatal care in Cairns Base Hospital, Queensland. Of 116 women, none was found to be vitamin D deficient. With a threshold of 50 nmol/L, no woman demonstrated vitamin D insufficiency; with a threshold of 75 nmol/L, 6.9% would have mild insufficiency. Further investigation into vitamin D concentrations of women living in northern Australia is required before recommendations are made for universal vitamin D screening of all pregnant women in Australia.