Background
Uterine compression suturing is considered a successful, safe, inexpensive and simple ‎method for the conservative treatment of atonic postpartum haemorrhage (PPH). However, insufficient data are available about the potential risk of subsequent intrauterine ‎synechiae (IUS).

Aim
To determine the risk of postpartum uterine synechiae in women who received isolated uterine compression suturing for the management of major uncontrolled PPH.

Materials & Methods
All women with major PPH from May 2005 to June 2011 were reviewed retrospectively. Diagnostic hysteroscopy was performed to assess the uterine cavity in the 27 women who successfully underwent isolated uterine compression suturing for major atonic PPH and fulfilled the study inclusion and exclusion criteria.

Results
Among the 27 women who underwent isolated uterine compression suturing, 5 (18.5%) were found to have IUS on hysteroscopic examination. The mode of delivery for all women who developed IUS was caesarean section. Among these five women, three had mild IUS, one had moderate IUS and one had severe IUS. All adhesions were later successfully resected by hysteroscopy, except for one case with dense IUS.

Conclusions
Uterine compression suturing was found to be associated with a risk of postpartum uterine synechiae formation, which may subsequently affect future fertility.