Background and Aims
Little is known about the impact of Placenta Accreta Spectrum (PAS) on quality of life (QoL). This study aims to explore QoL and sexual function after a pregnancy complicated by PAS.
Women who experienced a pregnancy complicated by PAS were invited to complete an online survey. Two validated surveys were completed: Short Form 36 (SF‐36) and Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI). The mean scores were calculated and were compared between women by pregnancy outcomes. Continuous variables were presented as mean (standard deviation (SD)) and were compared to assess for significance between groups using independent t‐test and one‐way analysis of variance. Categorical variables were compared using χ2 test.
A total of 142 women responded to the survey. For the SF‐36, physical health was significantly higher for women at 24–36 months postpartum compared to those from 0–6 months postpartum for physical functioning (mean difference 21.9 (95% confidence interval (CI) 10.2, 33.5), role limitation due to physical function (mean difference 32.1 (95% CI 9.4, 54.7)) and pain (mean difference 15.5 (95% CI 3.4, 30.9)). For the mental health domains, only vitality improved at 24–36 months compared to the first six months postpartum (mean difference 12.8 (95% CI 0.2, 25.5)). The mean FSFI score was 24.8 (±5.8), lower than the critical score of 26.5 indicating sexual dysfunction, and 56.8% (n = 75), scored less than 26.5.
Women after a pregnancy complicated by PAS had high scores on the physical health domains of SF‐36. The mental health scores were lower for all women regardless of time since birth.