Background
At‐risk small‐for‐gestational age (SGA) pregnancies in New Zealand are identified using Doppler ultrasound; fetuses with Doppler abnormalities are considered growth restricted (FGR). Low maternal placental growth factor (PlGF) has also been associated with late‐onset FGR.

Aims
To investigate whether low PlGF at diagnosis of late‐onset SGA identifies the same fetuses classified FGR by detailed Doppler studies, and the association between low PlGF and adverse pregnancy outcomes.

Methods
Among an historical database of normotensive suspected SGA pregnancies (fetal abdominal circumference <10th percentile) ≥32 weeks gestation, the ability of low PlGF (<5th percentile) to identify FGR infants was investigated. ‘Initial FGR’ was an abnormal umbilical artery resistance index (RI) or estimated fetal weight <3rd customised centile. ‘Secondary FGR’ was abnormal internal carotid RI, cerebro‐placental ratio and/or mean uterine artery RI. Development of hypertensive disease and adverse perinatal outcomes were compared by PlGF status. Results Of 136 SGA pregnancies, 56 (41.1%) had initial FGR. Of the remaining, 20 (25.0%) had secondary FGR, 17 (21.3%) low PlGF. The sensitivity of low PlGF identifying secondary FGR was 0.30 (95% CI 0.14–0.50), specificity 0.83 (0.70–0.92), positive predictive value 0.47 (0.23–0.72) and negative predictive value 0.70 (0.57–0.81). Overall, low PlGF occurred in 44/136 (32.4%) pregnancies and was associated with gestational hypertensive disease (63.6% vs 15.2%, P < 0.01), adverse perinatal outcome (34.1% vs 15.2%, P = 0.01) and very low birthweight (customised centile 2.2 vs 6.8, P < 0.01). Conclusions At diagnosis of late‐onset SGA, low PlGF was poor at identifying Doppler‐defined FGR. Low PlGF identified pregnancies at risk of hypertensive disease, adverse perinatal outcome and very low birthweight.