In this exploratory study, women perceived 35.8% of 763 foetal movements seen on 14 ultrasound scans, with increased sensitivity when movements involved more than one foetal body part (adjusted odds ratio (OR) 1.92, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.232–2.999), contacted the uterus (adjusted OR: 2.57, 95% CI: 1.653–3.995) and were of increasing duration (adjusted OR: 9.33, 95% CI: 5.616–15.513). These findings may inform future studies of the importance of and ability to improve women’s perception of foetal movements.