Clinical trials of heated intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC ) for the treatment of advanced ovarian cancer are showing promising survival outcomes. HIPEC has the potential to eliminate ovarian cancer cells from peritoneal surfaces more effectively than systemic chemotherapy through enhanced pharmacokinetic and hyperthermia effects. However, many questions remain to be answered, particularly regarding the true place of HIPEC in the current era of new and effective targeted treatments. Concerns around the potential for increased morbidity, adverse effects on quality of life, and increased resource use following HIPEC use, can only be properly evaluated with ongoing high‐quality clinical trials.