Summary: A case of ectopic pregnancy in a lower uterine segment scar following previous Caesarean section is reported. A significant scar defect may result in deep implantation within the myometrium with the risk of persistent pain and bleeding followed inevitably by uterine rupture. In this report we discuss a number of management options. Except in the special situation of superficial implantation in a shallow scar defect where there is ultrasound evidence of continuity of the gestational sac with the uterine cavity we would strongly advise termination of the pregnancy.